In the difficult quarantine year 2020, there was one round date that cannot be ignored. This is the 250th anniversary of Ludwig van Beethoven.
Everyone knows Beethoven as a great symphonic reformer, but now we are not talking about symphonies. The composer developed, transformed and brought the concerto genre to a new level.
In the era of Haydn and Mozart, the concerto was one of the "light" genres, while the symphony was considered something more sublime. The authoritative music critic of the 18th century F. Rochlitz said: "The concerto is the pinnacle of music in the expression of the delicate as opposed to the symphony in the expression of the sublime."
That is, even the pre-Beethoven generation thought of these genres almost in opposition. Even in Mozart's mind, the concerto was a more virtuoso genre than meaningful. But Beethoven, being full of revolutionary liberation ideas, frees the genre of the concerto from the generally accepted framework and elevates it to a symphony.
The first part of the concerto traditionally uses a tutti-solo double exposition. And all the thematic groups of the 1st exposition are given by Mozart in the main key. Beethoven departs from this principle already in his first concertos. In the second exposition, Mozart introduces new themes, adding improvisation to the text; Beethoven develops the material for the 1st exposition according to the symphonic principle.
The 1st Piano Concerto C-dur, despite its innovative features, still remains true to the Mozart traditions. He is imbued with sunny youthful optimism.
The 5th Concerto Es-dur became a manifesto of the usurpation of performing freedom: for the first time in the history of the concerto genre, the author writes out the soloist's cadence (which, however, makes life easier for many).
We invite you to listen to these two concerts at the House of Poets on February 19, tickets at the link under the news (Source). Attention!
There will be no orchestra.
The concerts will be performed by V. Lachner's arrangements for piano and string quintet performed by laureates of international competitions Ivan Yarchevsky and Nikolai Kurdyumov, accompanied by the string quintet of the "Terra Incognita" orchestra conducted by Iaroslav Bychkov.